[102] Other festivals include La Fête dé Noué[103] (Christmas festival), La Faîs'sie d'Cidre (cidermaking festival),[104] the Battle of Britain air display, Jersey Live Music Festival, Branchage Film Festival, food festivals, and parish events. Only fragmentary wall-paintings remain from the rich mediaeval artistic heritage, after the wholesale iconoclasm of the Calvinist Reformation of the 16th century. [33], In the late 16th century, islanders travelled across the North Atlantic to participate in the Newfoundland fisheries. [106], Bailiwick Express is one of Jersey's digital online news sources. The main currency of Jersey is the pound, although in many places the euro is accepted because of the location of the island. In 2017, 52% of the Island's area was agricultural land (a decrease since 2009). That restriction on the exercise of certain freedoms did not apply to all Community or Union rights. Although the bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey are often referred to collectively as the Channel Islands, the "Channel Islands" are not a constitutional or political unit. Jersey was part of the Duchy of Normandy, whose dukes went on to become kings of England from 1066. The Treaty of Rome . Jersey history is influenced by its strategic location between the northern coast of France and the southern coast of England; the island's recorded history extends over a thousand years. There are no queued immigration controls when arriving in Jersey’s airport and ports, compared to other countries. [73] The island is effectively a single conurbation, consisting of an urban core, suburbs and exurban rural communities. The Code of Conduct Group,[85] at least in theory, keeps most of its documentation and discussion confidential. This means that trade is unrestricted by tariffs, quotas or other barriers (except VAT). EU applicant Turkey, former EU member state the United Kingdom and two bordering micro-states — Andorra and San Marino — are in a Customs Union with the EU. Coordinates: 49°11′24″N 2°6′36″W / 49.19000°N 2.11000°W / 49.19000; -2.11000. We shall start with the Bhasin case. Jersey currency is not legal tender outside Jersey: However, in the United Kingdom it is acceptable tender[90] and can be surrendered at banks within that country in exchange for Bank of England-issued currency on a like-for-like basis. The contracting parties are the EU, its member states, and Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and the United Kingdom. Because value added tax (VAT) has not been levied in the island, luxury goods have often been cheaper than in the UK or in France, providing an incentive for tourism from neighbouring countries. [31] The Dukes of Normandy owned considerable estates in the island, and Norman families living on their estates established many of the historical Norman-French Jersey family names. Guernsey and Jersey’ domestic data protection legislation is based on EU law. Each parish elects its own force of Honorary Police consisting of Centeniers, Vingteniers and Constable's Officers. The Islanders would also pick twelve of their best men to be jurats and sit with the bailiff to form the royal court, and a warden would be appointed by King George to be governor on his behalf. The island is divided into twelve parishes, the largest of which is St Ouen and the smallest of which is St Clement. Seasonal work in agriculture had depended mostly on Bretons and mainland Normans from the 19th century. Jersey national football team plays in the annual Muratti competition among others. 9 May is celebrated as the island's Liberation Day, where there are celebrations in Liberation Square. The highest temperature recorded was 36.0 °C (96.8 °F) on 9 August 2003 and again on 23 July 2019,[77] and the lowest temperature recorded was −10.3 °C (13.5 °F) on 5 January 1894. [9] It is the second-closest of the Channel Islands to France, after Alderney. [128], Notable marine species[129] include the ormer, conger, bass, undulate ray, grey mullet, ballan wrasse and garfish. It measures roughly 9 miles from west to east and 5 miles north to south, which gives it the affectionate name among locals of "nine-by-five". Some Neolithic carvings are the earliest works of artistic character to be found in Jersey. [71] Major agricultural products are potatoes and dairy produce; agriculture's share of GVA increased 5% in 2009, a fifth successive year of growth. The island was therefore within the scope of the Treaties to a limited extent, as a European Territory. "[41] In June 2005 the States introduced the Competition (Jersey) Law 2005[80] to regulate competition and stimulate economic growth. [4] However, this is not indicative of each individual resident's purchasing power, and the actual standard of living in Jersey is comparable to that in the United Kingdom outside central London. The Bhasin case. There were about thirty casualties on each side, and the English took 600 French prisoners who were subsequently sent to England. [64], However, it is not yet clear whether the citizenship rights in articles 18 and 21 TFEU are partly available to them as British Citizens, given the limited restriction of their rights under article 2 of the Protocol. Additional British cultural commonalities include driving on the left, access to the BBC and ITV regions, a school curriculum following that of England, and the popularity of British sports, including cricket. [32], In the Treaty of Paris (1259), the English king formally surrendered his claim to the duchy of Normandy and ducal title, and since then the islands have been internally self-governing territories of the English crown and latterly the British crown. Jersey Royal potatoes are the local variety of new potato, and the island is famous for its early crop of Chats (small potatoes) from the south-facing côtils (steeply sloping fields). [24] In the aftermath of 1848, Polish, Russian, Hungarian, Italian and French political refugees came to Jersey. Radio Youth FM is an internet radio station run by young people. Jersey is an associate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC). In 933 it was annexed to the future Duchy of Normandy, together with the other Channel Islands, Cotentin and Avranchin, by William Longsword, count of Rouen and it became one of the Norman Islands. Marine mammals include the bottlenosed dolphin[130] and grey seal. EU rules on freedom of movement for workers do not apply in Jersey. [34] In recognition for help given to him during his exile in Jersey in the 1640s, King Charles II of England gave Vice Admiral Sir George Carteret, bailiff and governor, a large grant of land in the American colonies in between the Hudson and Delaware rivers, which he promptly named New Jersey. Jersey has a special relationship with the European Union (EU). [30], Jersey was part of Neustria with the same Gallo-Frankish population as the continental mainland. Now, Croatia has submitted an application to participate. [96] Immigration is therefore controlled by a mixture of restrictions on those without residential status purchasing or renting property in the island and restrictions on employment. The island was placed into a lockdown, with significant restrictions on freedom of movement for residents on 30 March. The 2001 movie The Others was set on the island in 1945 shortly after liberation. The Government of Jersey provides education through state schools (including a fee-paying option at secondary level) and also supports private schools. The SS Vega was sent to the island carrying Red Cross supplies and news of the success of the Allied advance in Europe. There is also a taxi network. On 6 January 1781, a French invasion force of 2,000 men set out to take over the island, but only half of the force arrived and landed. The freedom of movement under the prior EC régime was and remains a separate set of rights from the Citizen rights under article 20 and 21 TFEU which include the right to move and reside. ", "States of Jersey (Miscellaneous Provisions) Law 2011", "Council of Ministers adopts 'Government of Jersey' identity", "Public Hearing – Review of the Roles of the Crown Officers", "Study Guide on Jersey Legal System and Constitutional Law", "Meet our new foreign minister « This Is Jersey", "TAX INFORMATION EXCHANGE AGREEMENTS (TIEAs)", Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, "Status of Channel Islands in the European Union", "Channel Islands appoint representative in Brussels", "Second Interim Report of the Constitution Review Group", "Sovereignty or dependency on agenda at conference", "Independence 'may be only option if Brexit deal is bad, https://www.gov.je/Government/JerseyInFigures/Environment/Pages/SizeLandCover.aspx, "States of Jersey - Revised 2011 Island Plan", "Jersey Census 2001: Chapter 2: Population Characteristics", "CROPP contracts brings profitability to Ohio grass-based, organic dairies", "Harmful tax competition – Taxation and Customs Union – European Commission", "EUR-Lex - 52019XG0326(01) - EN - EUR-Lex", https://www.gov.je/Government/FreedomOfInformation/pages/foi.aspx?ReportID=1395, "Lords Hansard text for 6 Dec 2001 (211206-28)", "Jersey approve Bitcoin fund launch on island", "Visas / entry clearances / work permit issue", "gov.je – Migration Monitoring and Regulation", "Answer by Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office, (Lord West of Spithead) in UK House of Lords 18 January 2010", "gov.je – Passports – I have an observation in my passport that says – the holder is not entitled to benefit from EC Provisions relating to employment and settlement – what does that mean? The island is regarded as a dependent of the British Crown, and as a result, it is guarded and well catered for by the UK government. This competition law was based on that of other jurisdictions. There is free movement of goods and trade between the island and Member States. Contemporary authors based in Jersey include Jack Higgins. As a result, Jersey was not part of the single market in financial services. Swimming in the sea, windsurfing and other marine sports are practised. [98] Although Jersey citizens are full British citizens, an endorsement restricting the right of establishment in European Union states other than the UK is placed in the passports of British citizens connected solely with the Channel Islands and Isle of Man. There are customs and immigration officers, who can freely check anyone coming through. [38] During this time the Germans constructed many fortifications using Soviet slave labour. [47] In 1973, the Royal Commission on the Constitution set out the duties of the Crown as including: ultimate responsibility for the 'good government' of the Crown dependencies; ratification of island legislation by Order in Council (Royal Assent); international representation, subject to consultation with the island authorities before concluding any agreement which would apply to them; ensuring the islands meet their international obligations; and defence. For Horse racing, Les Landes Racecourse can be found at Les Landes in St. Ouen next to the ruins of Grosnez Castle. They were named after the Christian saints to whom their ancient parish churches were dedicated: The parishes of Jersey are further divided into vingtaines (or, in St. Ouen, cueillettes), divisions that are historic. 19th-century improvements in transport links brought tourism to the island. The town is the central business district, hosting a large proportion of the island's retail and employment, such as the finance industry. It was not required to implement EU Directives on such matters as the movement of capital, company law or money laundering. [4] Fisheries and aquaculture make use of Jersey's marine resources to a total value of over £6 million in 2009.[4]. Its owners, however, struggled to meet tough competition from the Cineworld Cinemas group, which opened a 10 screen multiplex on the waterfront centre in St. Helier on reclaimed land in December 2002 and the Odeon closed its doors in late 2008. Those who reside in EU countries are also granted EU passports, which allow for easy travel between nations. Cider used to be an important export. Shaxson, N. (2011). Jersey is NOT part of Great Britain. Low-value consignment relief provided the mechanism for VAT-free imports from the Channel Islands to the UK until 1 April 2012, at which time this policy of the UK government was binned. From the 1960s Portuguese workers arrived, mostly working initially in seasonal industries in agriculture and tourism. [86] Jersey does not feature, however, in the March 2019 revised EU list of non-cooperative jurisdictions for tax purposes. Jersey has a special relationship with the European Union (EU). The German blacklisting of the island had to be hastily revoked when this was pointed out. In the 2011 census, the total resident population was estimated to be 97,857, of whom 34% live in Saint Helier, the island's only town. The Procureur du Bien Public (two in each parish) is the legal and financial representative of the parish (elected at a public election since 2003 in accordance with the Public Elections (Amendment) (Jersey) Law 2003; formerly an Assembly of Electors of each parish elected the Procureurs in accordance with the Loi (1804) au sujet des assemblées paroissiales). In total, 54% said they had some form of religion, and 7% were not sure. After Normandy was lost by the kings of England in the 13th century, and the ducal title surrendered to France, Jersey and the other Channel Islands remained attached to the English crown. They are a British Crown dependency. However, the Channel Islands Brussels Office (CIBO) ensures that Jersey’s interests are promoted in Europe. Skip to main content . By Vic Lang'at Junior on December 14 2018 in World Facts. Jersey is part of the British Isles, which is a cluster of islands found in the North Atlantic Ocean covering an area of 121,684 square miles. 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